Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Medical Ethics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Hidden curriculum plays a main role in professional
learning, formation of professional identity, socialization,
moral development and learning values, attitudes, beliefs, and
knowledge in learners, so it needs to be managed. Although
the majority of the theorists believe in the existence of a hidden
curriculum and its greater effect and sustainability compared to
the formal curriculum; none has proposed a comprehensive model
or approach for its management. This study aimed to design a
hidden curriculum management model in medical education.
Methods: In this study, the authors used the theory or model
construction methodology to synthesize a hidden curriculum
management model in medical education. According to Walker
and Avant; this methodology includes the following three steps
for synthesizing the model: specifying focal concepts, reviewing
the literature, and organizing concepts into an integrated and
efficient representation.
Results: The results of the study showed that numerous factors
affected the hidden curriculum including environmental factors
(professional, organizational), human factors (teachers, peers and
staff), and formal curriculum and learner’s influenceability filter
which bear important messages for learners, staff and teachers. To
manage the hidden curriculum, in addition to the above factors,
it is necessary to manage knowledge and the learners’ learning in
an educational institution.
Conclusion: This study revealed that to achieve the desired
performance in students, the formal curriculum reform is not
sufficient. Moreover, other factors such as environmental factors,
human factors, learner’s influenceability filter, and knowledge
management should also be taken into account. The hidden
curriculum management model can be used for training and
educating the staff and students with the desired performance in
any educational institution.

Keywords

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