Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Medical Education Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Faculty of Virtual University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Medical Education Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Faculty of Virtual University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of virtualization in Medical Education, Virtual School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Capability is built upon knowledge and wisdom,
and scientific progress and development is associated with
wealth production, national and international authority, and
independence. To promote scientific development, as a prerequisite
to the country’s progress in other areas, there is a need for strategic
planning and creating scientific capacities. Today’s world is facing
a rapid growth and development in science and technology, and
universities and higher education centers have an important role
in the society’s development and progress in the areas of human
resources training, science and technology production, and
solving different problems. Considering the Iran’s health scientific
road map and communication of innovation and reform plans, and
since universities are required to identify the areas of authority,
this study was conducted to determine the challenges of scientific
authority promotion and proper courses of action.
Methods: In this study, content analysis was used as a qualitative
research method. The triangulation method was applied for data
collection. Purposive sampling was done to select the participants
for focused group discussion and data collection continued until
data saturation was achieved. The participants were 19 higher
education experts and MOHME policymakers. The ATLAS.ti
software version 5.2 was used for analysis of data.
Results: The results of the analysis of transcripts obtained from
FGD with higher education experts and MOHME policymakers
showed 4 themes, 10 categories and 43 sub-categories. The resulting
themes included: “Experienced perceptions of scientific authority”,
“Requirements of scientific authority”, “Challenges of scientific
authority”, and “Strategies for promoting scientific authority”.
Conclusion: Universities and governmental sectors do not
represent all the capacities, and there are much more capacities
that can be exploited with participation of different sectors
and institutions, especially inter-sectoral and inter-university
collaborations. Many advances in new sciences have occurred
in interdisciplinary majors, and these collaborations help to take
solid steps towards scientific authority.

Keywords