Academic training and clinical placement problems to achieve nursing competency

NARJES RAHMATI SHARGHI, ALI ALAMI, SHAHLA KHOSRAVAN, MOHAMMAD REZA MANSOORIAN, ALI EKRAMI

Abstract


Introduction: High quality of care is one of the requirements
of nursing which depends on the nursing competency. In this
connection, the aim of this research was to determine the
problems related to the academic training (nursing’ educational
program) and clinical practice to achieve competency from the
viewpoint of nurses, faculty members, and nursing students.
Methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional one. The
sample consisted of the academic staff, the third and the fourth year
nursing students and nurses in practice. The instrument of the study
was a two-part researcher-made questionnaire with 22 questions
in the theoretical- clinical realm to assess problems related to
the theoretical and clinical teaching in nursing, and 23 questions
to assess the clinical functions. The questionnaire was validated
in terms of both face and content validity. Its reliability, using
Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient, was 0.72 in the theoretical-clinical
and 0.73 in the clinical realm. Both descriptive and analytical
statistics were used to analyze the data, using SPSS software.
Results: The results of this study indicated that from the
participants’ viewpoints, the most important problems in the
academic education for nurses to acquire competency were as
follows: lack of academic research during the clinical period
(88.9%), no application of theoretical aspects of the nursing process
in practice (85.6%), insufficient knowledgeable and professional
educators (81.1%), the use of traditional routine-oriented methods
on the wards (75.6%); also insufficient time for performance based
on knowledge in relation to the nurse’s workload (86.5%), weakness
and usefulness of scientific function encouragement systems in
clinic (85.2%), and learnt theoretical subjects not coming into
practice in clinical fields after graduation (75.6%).
Conclusion: Efforts to reduce the gap between the theoretical
and practical (clinical function) knowledge in educational and
work environment are required to improve the training of
qualified nurses.

Keywords: Academic training, Clinical, Achieve, Competency


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 P ISSN: 2322-2220            E ISSN:2322-3561      

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