Achievement motivation level in students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and its influential factors

SOMAYEH KAVOUSIPOUR, ALI NOORAFSHAN, SAEEDEH POURAHMAD, ALI DEHGHANINAZHVANI

Abstract


Introduction: Many studies have investigated the relationship
between motivation and educational outcomes. The present study
was conducted to determine whether the students’ motivation in
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) decreases during
educational years.
Methods: 770 students in SUMS were selected by multi-stage stratified
random sampling from each field and entrance year. The first
questionnaire contained 57 questions on the effect of economic, social,
educational, geographical and personality factors on the students’
motivation. The second one was based on 50 incomplete sentences.
The validity and reliability of these questionnaires were approved
by the experts and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients (85% and 90%,
respectively). In this cross-sectional study, ANOVA, t-test and Chisquare
tests were applied for data analysis at the 0.05 significance level.
Results: Six factors with the most effect on academic motivation
were “family attitudes”, “getting good jobs in future”, “respect for
themselves”, “ the ability to learn”, “believing their role in victory and
defeat” and “the tendency toward optimism about themselves”. In
addition, comparing professional doctorate and basic sciences’ results
revealed no significant relationship between academic motivation
and educational years (F=0.819, p=0.397). But comparing field by
field showed that Dentistry and Hospital Management and Medical
Information (HMMI) had a significant decrease in motivation score
by increase in educational years (F=3.991, p=0.015).
Conclusion: Achievement motivation level in SUMS students
was higher than average and did not decrease during educational
years. Also, the results showed that personal, social and
educational related factors affected motivation level more than
economic and environmental factors.

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 P ISSN: 2322-2220            E ISSN:2322-3561      

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