Factors affecting patient education from cultural perspectives

MOHAMMAD REZA HEIDARI, REZA NOROUZADEH

Abstract


Introduction: Patient education is influenced by cultural factors. This study
aims to find out the role of culture in patient education.
Methods: A qualitative study was conducted on 23 Iranian nurses. Inclusion
criteria were minimum 5 years of working experience in clinical nursing. Semistructured face to face interviews were used to collect the data. Interviews were taped, transcribed and analyzed using content analysis method.
Results: The main theme of ‘cultural sensitivity’ was extracted from the
interviews. Sub-themes were cultural divergence, cultural connection literacybased
instruction.
Conclusion: A dynamic process of patient education is influenced by various
cultural factors. Nurses must be aware of the cultural norms in patient
education to meet their expectations in a respectful manner.

Keywords: Patient education, Nurse, Culture, Content analysis


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