Technical efficiency of Shiraz school of medicine in research and education domains: a data envelopment analysis
Introduction: Efficiency evaluation of universities and faculties
is one of the tools that help managers to identify the departments’
strengths and weakness. The main objective of the present
research was to measure and compare the technical efficiency of
Shiraz school of medicine departments using Data Envelopment
Analysis (DEA) technique.
Methods: This cross-sectional and retrospective study was
performed on clinical and non-clinical departments in research
and education domains over the period of 2006 to 2011. Different
inputs and outputs were considered for research and educational
domain separately. Efficiency was measured based on the
observed optimal performance.
Results: Findings showed that pathology and anatomy
departments achieved the score of 100 in technical efficiency in
education during 2006 to 2011. During this period, parasitology,
psychiatric and pediatrics department’s achieved the score of
100 for technical efficiency in research domain. The lowest
mean of relative educational efficiency belonged to orthopedic
department; as to relative research efficiency, the lowest mean
was shown in orthopedics and genetics departments. The mean
technical efficiency of non-medical departments in education and
research domain was 91.93 and 76.08, respectively, while the mean
technical efficiency of the clinical department in educational and
research fields was 91.02 and 82.23, respectively.
Conclusion: Using multiple input and output in DEA technique
provided a comprehensive evaluation of efficiency in Shiraz school
of medicine departments. The DEA could successfully estimate
the technical efficiency of the departments in research and
educational fields. Moreover, the deficiency in each department
was found; this could help them to plan for improvement.
Keywords: Education; Medical school; Efficiency; Resource allocation
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P ISSN: 2322-2220 E ISSN:2322-3561
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Publisher: Shiraz University of Medical Sciences