Assessment of medical students’ learning and study strategies in self-regulated learning

ZAHRA JOUHARI, FARIBA HAGHANI, TAHEREH CHANGIZ

Abstract


Introduction: Research on medical students shows that adopting
self-regulation of effort, time, and study strategies can positively
influence academic achievement. The purpose of the current study
was to assess learning and study strategies in medical students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2014-2015
at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The sample size was
determined 360 students based on the results of a pilot study on 30
members of the study population. Medical students in the first to
fourth year of their studies were selected through simple sampling
randomly. A valid and reliable Persian translation of Learning
and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) questionnaire was
completed by the students. It measures three latent factors of selfregulated
learning: Skill, Will, and Self-Regulation. It consists
of 80 questions in ten different scales (each scale including eight
questions and a variable score of 8-40). Data were analyzed using
t-test, correlation analysis, and ANOVA.
Results: Considering the ten LASSI scales, the highest mean
score belonged to test strategies (28.67±4.44), and the lowest
mean to self-testing (21.91±4.91). The results showed significant
statistical differences between male and female students in
selecting the main idea, attitude, and self-testing. ANOVA and
post hoc Tukey tests showed a significant difference between the
mean scores of different areas of LASSI among students with
different grade point average (GPA) in the university. In all areas
except the study aids, the mean scores of students with GPA
higher than 17.5 were significantly higher than those of students
with GPA lower than 14.5.
Conclusion: The results showed that students need help and
consultation in most areas of learning and study strategies. Using
10 areas of LASSI can determine the strengths and weaknesses of
students in various areas. Knowing their own limitations, students
will be able to improve their study habits. Hence, it is suggested
to evaluate the students when enrolling at universities and design
educational programs based on the students’ characteristics.

Keywords: Learning; Medical student; Assessment


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 P ISSN: 2322-2220            E ISSN:2322-3561      

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