Barriers to integration of behavioral and social sciences in the general medicine curriculum and recommended strategies to overcome them: A systematic review
Introduction: The integration of behavioral and social sciences
(BSS) into the curriculum of medical students in order to equip
them with the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes is an
essential issue, emphasized in many researches. Our aim is to
investigate the barriers to integrate BSS into the general medicine
curriculum as well as the recommended strategies to overcome
such barriers through a systematic review of literature.
Methods: PubMed, ERIC, Scopus, CINAHL, Google Scholar,
and OPENGREY were searched for studies on the barriers to
integration of BSS into the general medicine curriculum as well
as the strategies employed to overcome them until August 28,
Results: Sixteen relevant studies were included and the related
domains were categorized as barriers and some strategies were
recommended to overcome them. In addition, the quality of the
included studies was assessed.
Conclusion: Despite the prominent role of BSS in the
effectiveness of health care, these sciences have not been
included in the curriculum of medical students effectively. The
identified barriers and the strategies used to overcome them
should be considered for all integration programs. Future studies
should focus on the process of BSS integration in the medical
curricula and should evaluate the efficacy of this integration in
Keywords: Integration; Social sciences; Behavioural sciences; Curriculum; Barriers
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P ISSN: 2322-2220 E ISSN:2322-3561
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