Addressing the physicians’ shortage in developing countries by accelerating and reforming the medical education: Is it possible?
Introduction: Doctors’ shortage has remained a concern
worldwide. The developed countries started aids to recruit
international medical graduates (IMG) to cope with the defects
that the health care system suffers from; however, this solution may
not work in developing countries that have a limited resource and
poor budget to spend on the health care system. This study aims
to present an alternative way to approach the physicians’ shortage
by accelerating undergraduate medical education and reform some
post-graduate courses in order to cope with this problem.
Methods: The literature in PubMed/Medline and Google scholar
were searched using such keywords as undergraduate medical
education, physician shortage, health care reform, physicians’
performance, medical curriculum.
Results: The finding revealed that performance during
undergraduate medical school does not have a relationship with
the physician’s performance post-graduation. Moreover, the
overloaded curriculum and the years spent in undergraduate
education have a negative impact on the students in terms of
burn out, lack of competency, and loss of motivation in medicine.
The method of education was found to have a positive effect on
preparing good students and ultimately good physicians.
Conclusion: Since performance in undergraduate years does not
have an impact on the practice post-graduation, the developing
countries may consider the option of changing the context, and
abbreviating undergraduate medical education as a solution for
physicians’ shortage dilemma. Moreover, modifying some postgraduate
majors such as family physician, and general practitioner
to allow the physicians enter the practice in areas of need is
Keywords: Medical education; Physicians; Developing countries
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P ISSN: 2322-2220 E ISSN:2322-3561
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