Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Clinical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

10.30476/jamp.2020.85000.1159

Abstract

Introduction: The internet is an essential and widely used tool
for college students; however, high internet dependency can have
negative consequences for students, especially regarding academic
careers. Such students may tend to postpone their academic tasks.
Hence, the current study examines the effect of Internet addiction
on academic procrastination among medical students.
Methods: We applied a cross-sectional correlational research
design. 233 medical students of Shiraz University of Medical
Sciences were selected through convenience sampling and
participated in this study. To collect the data, we used two valid
and reliable questionnaires. The first was Young’s Internet
addiction questionnaire (IAT-20), which consists of 20 items
based on a 5-point Likert-type scale. The second was Solomon
and Rothblum academic procrastination questionnaire, which
consists of 18 items based on a 5 point Likert-type scale. We used
Pearson correlation, independent T-test, and One-Way ANOVA to
analyze the data in SPSS version 22, and considered a significance
level of P<0.05.
Results: Results showed that 57.1% of the respondents were
females, and the remaining were males. Findings indicated that
8 (3.43%) of the participants were classified as severe internetaddicted,
and 28.85% of them had a high level of academic
procrastination. The results indicated that there was a positive and
significant correlation between Internet addiction and academic
procrastination (r=0.39, with P<0.01). Also, there was a positive
correlation between academic procrastination dimensions (writing
a term paper, studying for an exam, keeping up with weekly
reading assignments, performing administrative tasks, attending
meetings and performing academic tasks in general) and Internet
addiction (r=0.22, r=0.32, r=0.21, r=0.29, r=0.33, and r=0.23,
respectively, with P<0.01). Finally, the results revealed that male
students and those living in the dormitory had a higher level of
Internet addiction and procrastination compared to female ones
and those living at home (P<0.01).
Conclusion: The findings of the current research reveal that a
considerable number of students have levels of Internet addiction
and procrastination; the study highlights that students with high
levels of Internet addiction are more likely to be at an increased risk
of negative outcomes such as insufficiently controlled Internet use.

Keywords