Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Clinical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Emotional intelligence is a social skill that
controls stress and affects one’s ability to cope with the demands
and environmental pressures; it so can improve professional
competence in health care providers such as nursing students.
Training on emotional intelligence increases the mental health
and influences the mutual relationships, stress, depression and
aggression. This study aimed to determine the effect of emotional
intelligence skills training program on the stress and academic
success of nursing students in a higher education health complex.
Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with an
educational intervention. The participants included 100 students
of nursing selected by stratified random sampling from both
genders. They were randomly categorized into two intervention
and control groups including 50 subjects, respectively. We used
Meyer and Salvia model in Emotional Intelligence training in the
intervention group. During the training sessions in the intervention
group, the control group did not receive any intervention. Academic
stress and professional competence in both groups were measured
before and two weeks after the experiment. SPSS version 21 was
used to analyze the data, using Paired t-test, independent t-test,
Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and Chi-Square tests.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 20±2.14 years
old. According to the results, the mean difference of the changes
in the professional competence (p<0.001), total academic stress
(p<0.001), and the four areas of academic stress such as emotional
response (p<0.001), physical response (p<0.001) and physiological
response (p<0.001) were significant. The intervention group, as
compared with the control group, showed no significant effect on
the other factors of academic stress such as frustration, conflict,
academic pressure, changes and self-imposed stress.
Conclusion: The education of emotional intelligence components
can improve the efficiency of nursing care services and professional
competence due to deceased stress.

Keywords

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