Document Type: Review article

Authors

1 Department of E-learning in Medical Education, Virtual School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department Hematology/Oncology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran;

3 Department of Medical Education, Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Storytelling is one of the earliest ways to share scientific advancements and discoveries. The advent of technology has updated this ancient art into a digitalized form. The boundaries between the digital storytelling (DST), and other types of videos are unclear. Therefore, in this review, the process, aim, producers, and uses of DST in health profession education have been reviewed.
Methods: This study is a systematized review, which is in nature like a systematic review with only a few differences in the comprehensive search and quality assessment procedure. All studies, whose duplicates were removed, were retrieved from Science Direct, PubMed, and Scopus databases or through google scholar search engine screened in 3 stages: title, abstract and full study. All journal articles including experimental, case study and case report, mixed method, and qualitative studies in English language in the field of health profession education were chosen for this review after being evaluated based on QUESTS dimensions.
Results: In total, 35 articles were included in the review. The studies had been done in health promotion, nursing education, medical education, patient education, social work education, and
community health education. In some of these studies, the producers and users of digital stories were different, which is in contrast with center for digital storytelling that emphasizes the process of DST. The results of this review showed that all stakeholders of health system could be producers of digital stories with various aims; e.g. community health, empathy promotion, attitude and behavior
change, clinical thinking, and skills improvement.
Conclusion: This systematized review indicated that DST has some applications in different subjects in different fields of health professions and with a potential to be used by different stakeholders of health system. According to the definition of DST, digital storytelling involves the process of writing a script to produce a digital story by one individual or a group. Consequently, there is a difference between DST and producing a digital story. Therefore, researchers should consider the correct use of this term in their studies. Although few interventional and high-quality studies have been conducted in this area, further quantitative and qualitative research is suggested.

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